Quick Answer: What Is Anaphoric And Cataphoric Reference?

What is cataphora and examples?

Cataphora is a type of anaphora, although the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora.

An example of cataphora in English is the following sentence: When he arrived home, John went to sleep..

What is a example of anaphora?

Anaphora is a figure of speech in which words repeat at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, or sentences. For example, Martin Luther King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech contains anaphora: “So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.

What is comparative reference?

Comparative reference is indirect reference by means of identity or similarity. Personal reference items are those which refer to their referents by specifying their function in the speech situation, using nouns and pronouns.

What is reference example?

Reference is defined as a mention of a situation. An example of reference is the mention of a person’s religion to another. The definition of a reference is someone who will give a recommendation for a position on behalf of another. … Reference means someone or something which is a source of information about a subject.

What is reference person?

A personal reference is someone who knows you relatively well and can attest to who you are as a person. A personal reference is different from a professional reference, which is what employers are typically looking for. … A personal reference doesn’t necessarily need to be someone you’ve worked with.

What is pronominal anaphora?

Natural language, however, is not independent: many concepts depend on context. … In pronominal anaphora a pronoun word (anaphor) refers to a concept mentioned earlier in the text (antecedent). This type of reference can refer to something in the same sentence, but it can also span many sentences.

What is a Cataphoric reference?

Cataphoric reference means that a word in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand. It can be compared with anaphoric reference, which means a word refers back to another word for its meaning. ‘When he arrived, John noticed that the door was open’.

What is anaphora and cataphora?

In a narrower sense, anaphora is the use of an expression that depends specifically upon an antecedent expression and thus is contrasted with cataphora, which is the use of an expression that depends upon a postcedent expression. The anaphoric (referring) term is called an anaphor.

Why is anaphora used?

Anaphora is repetition at the beginning of a sentence to create emphasis. Anaphora serves the purpose of delivering an artistic effect to a passage. It is also used to appeal to the emotions of the audience in order to persuade, inspire, motivate and encourage them.

Why do we need to reference?

Referencing allows you to acknowledge the contribution of other writers and researchers in your work. Any university assignments that draw on the ideas, words or research of other writers must contain citations. … Referencing is a way to provide evidence to support the assertions and claims in your own assignments.

What does anaphora mean?

1 : repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect Lincoln’s “we cannot dedicate—we cannot consecrate—we cannot hallow—this ground” is an example of anaphora — compare epistrophe.

What is the meaning of reference?

Reference is a relationship between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object. … It is called a name for the second object. The second object, the one to which the first object refers, is called the referent of the first object.

What is Homophoric reference?

Homophoric reference Homophoric reference is where the identity of the item can be retrieved by reference to cultural knowledge, in general, rather than specific context of the text. For example, the meaning of the phrase “the Queen” may be determined by the country in which it is spoken.